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  3. A student is writing a research report about the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 for government class. He found a source that he is evaluating for accuracy. Read Source 1 on the left side of the screen and then the directions below.
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  7. After looking at Source 2 below, the student realizes that his original information may be inaccurate. Click on one sentence in Source 2 that questions the accuracy of Source 1.
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  9. Source 2
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  11. Sec. 108. NATIONAL SYSTEM OF INTERSTATE AND DEFENSE HIGHWAYS.
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  13. INTERSTATE SYSTEM.-
  14. It is hereby declared to be essential to the national interest to provide for the early completion of the “National System of Interstate Highways”, as authorized and designated in accordance with section 7 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 838).
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  16. It is the intent of the Congress that the Interstate System be completed as nearly as practicable over a thirteen-year period and that the entire System in all the States be brought to simultaneous completion. Because of its primary importance to the national defense, the name of such system is hereby changed to the “National System of Interstate and Defense Highways.” Such National System of Interstate and Defense Highways is hereinafter in this Act referred to as the “Interstate System.”
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  20. Source: http://ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=88&page=transcript
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  23. A student is writing a research report about the donkey and the elephant as symbols of the Democratic and Republican parties. Read the paragraph from her report and the directions that follow.
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  25. While Thomas Nast is the political cartoonist associated with these symbols, particularly the donkey, he is not the first person who used a donkey to represent the Democratic party. This symbol actually appeared in the 1820s when Andrew Jackson was running for president. However, it was Nast who revived the donkey symbol in political commentary, and it was he who brought it—and the Republican elephant—back into popular use.
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  28. Which of these is a credible source that would most likely give the student more information for her paragraph?
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  30. "Political Parties: Political Rivals" by Ivan R. Peck
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  32. This magazine article explores the history of rivalry and opposition between the Democratic and Republican political parties in the United States.
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  34. Minor U.S. Political Parties www.minorpolitics.org
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  36. Visit this blog to learn about the smaller, sometimes short-lived, political parties that have tried to gain influence in the United States.
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  38. The Cartoon Is Mightier Than the Word: The History of Political Cartoonists in the United States by Philip Barker
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  40. This book discusses some of America's most influential political cartoonists from the early 1800s to the present day. The author explores the details that made each subject esteemed in his field.
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  42. Popular American Symbols and their Origins www.ussymbols.com
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  44. Use this website to explore the birth and background of dozens of symbols related to the United States! From animals to ideas to political parties, we consider our country through the lens of its symbols.
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  47. A student is writing a report about genetics of eye color for biology class. Read both sources and the directions that follow.
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  51. The student took notes about information in the sources. Which note correctly paraphrases information from both sources?
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  53. Eye color can be explained by analyzing a person's recessive and dominant genes.
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  55. Eye color cannot be accurately predicted based on the eye color of a person's parents.
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  57. If both parents have brown eyes, then it is highly likely that their child will have brown eyes.
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  59. The only pairing that results in offspring with a guaranteed eye color is two blue-eyed parents.
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  62. A student is writing a research presentation about soil acidity and alkalinity for her science class. Read the paragraph from the student's presentation and the directions that follow.
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  64. There are many factors that contribute to the health of a plant, but few are as important as the pH of the plant's soil. The pH of soil is basically a measure of how acidic (sour) or alkaline (sweet) the soil is to the plant. This particular quality of the soil affects a plant's ability to get all of the nutrients it needs to be healthy. These nutrients play key roles in the chemical processes that allow the plant to grow and thrive. In fact, over time, incorrect soil pH can contribute to the death of a plant.
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  67. The student found information from sources. Choose two pieces of evidence that support the student's claim in her presentation.
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  69. To decrease soil pH, lime or wood ashes can be incorporated into the soil.
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  71. The wrong soil pH can cause a plant to overdose on nutrients that it needs to be healthy.
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  73. Several factors can raise or lower the pH in soil, including fertilizers, rainfall, and the type of soil.
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  75. There are several methods for determining the pH of soil, including litmus paper and pH meters.
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  77. Most plants thrive when the pH of their soil is somewhere between 5.5 and 7 on the numerical pH scale.
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  79. Even if its soil is full of nutrients, a plant might not be able to access those nutrients if the pH is too high or too low.
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  86. A student is writing a research report about the science of canning food for a school science journal. Read the credible sources that the student found on the left side of the screen, then read the directions below.
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  90. The student wants to include information from the sources in his report but does not want to plagiarize the authors' ideas. Read the paragraph from the report and click on one sentence that is plagiarized.
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  92. People who are new to canning are more likely to follow up-to-date recommendations, whereas people who learned canning as a family tradition are more likely to follow outdated, and possibly unsafe, methods. One of these methods is steam sanitizing bottles. We now know that immersion in boiling water is the most effective way to prevent bacteria contamination, thanks to years of scientific testing and home practice. Steam does not provide guaranteed contact with surfaces for guaranteed amounts of time in the way boiling water does. It is also important to monitor the length of boiling time to ensure destroying all bacteria, and boiling time recommendations can change based on outside factors like altitude.
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  95. A student is writing an informational research report about the U.S. government's policy on space exploration for her government class. Read the paragraph from the student's report and the directions that follow.
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  97. The official document "National Space Policy of the United States of America" (2010) begins with a statement of the five main principles of the U.S. space policy. Even after reading only this far into the report, it is clear that one principle is elevated above the others, and that principle revolves around international cooperation. The policy report makes it clear that the use and maintenance of outer space must coexist with mutual respect among countries. In fact, four of the five principles touch upon the subject of international cooperation in some way.
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  100. The student found more information about the goals of the U.S space policy. Which piece of evidence supports the student's claim in her report?
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  102. The United States will continue to use space and space systems for military operations and homeland security.
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  104. The United States' space program will explore possibilities offered by new technologies, such as robotic equipment.
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  106. The United States will collaborate with other nations on outer space research, maintenance of structures, and other general space activities.
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  108. The United States' space program will use satellites and other space equipment to study climate change and to support natural disaster relief.
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